Everton Football Club is an English football club located in the city
of Liverpool. The club competes in the Premier League and have contested more
seasons in the top flight of English football than any other. They are one of
the top five most successful English clubs in terms of major honours, having won
the League Championship nine times, the FA Cup five times and the UEFA Cup
Winners' Cup once. The club's most recent major trophy was the 1995 FA Cup.
Currently managed by David Moyes, the first team have made significant progress,
with two European qualifications and three top ten finishes during his six-year
Everton were founded in 1878 and have a notable rivalry with Liverpool F.C.,
known as the Merseyside derby. Liverpool were formed after a dispute over the
rent at Anfield, Everton's old ground; since then Everton have been based at
Goodison Park as a result of the split. In 2006, it was announced that the club
and Knowsley Council were discussing the construction of a new 55,000 seat
stadium in Kirkby. The club have a large fan base and regularly attract large
crowds, averaging over 36,000 (90% of capacity) during the 200506 season.
Numerous well-known footballers have had a career at Everton F.C. Since 2000,
the club has annually recognized successful former players as "Giants" of the
team. Dixie Dean, who played for the team in the 1920s and 30s, is the most
prolific goal-scorer in English football history.
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Everton were founded as St. Domingo F.C. in 1878 so that people from the
parish of St. Domingo's Methodist Church could play a sport in non-summer months
(cricket was played in summer). A year later, the club was renamed Everton F.C.
after the surrounding area, as people outside the parish wished to participate.
The club was a founding member of the Football League in 1888, and won their
first League Championship title in 189091. They won the FA Cup in 190506 and
the League title again in 191415, but it was not until 1927 that Everton's
first sustained period of success began. In 1925 the club signed Dixie Dean who,
in 192728, set the record for league goals in a single season (60 goals in 39
league games, a record that still stands to this day), helping Everton to
achieve their third league title.
Everton were relegated to the Second Division two years later but won the
title and thus promotion at the first attempt. On their return to the top flight
in 193132, Everton wasted no time in reaffirming their status and won a fourth
League title at the first opportunity. They also won their second FA Cup in
193233 with a 30 win against Manchester City in the final. The era ended in
193839 with a fifth League title. The advent of World War II saw the suspension
of League football, and when official competition restarted in 1946 the Everton
team had been split-up and paled in comparison to the pre-war club. Everton were
relegated again in 195051 and did not return until 195354, when they finished
as runners-up in their third season in the Second Division. The club have been a
top flight presence ever since.
Everton's second successful era started when Harry Catterick was made manager
in 1961. In 196263, his second season in charge, Everton won the League title
and in 1966 followed with a 32 FA Cup win over Sheffield Wednesday. Everton
again reached the final two years later, but this time were unable to overcome
West Bromwich Albion at Wembley. A year later in 196970, Everton won the First
Division, nine points clear of nearest rivals Leeds United. However, the success
did not last; the team finished fourteenth, fifteenth, seventeenth and seventh
in the following seasons. Catterick retired but his successors failed to win any
silverware for the remainder of the 1970s. Though the club mounted title
challenges and finished third in 197778 and fourth the following season,
manager Gordon Lee resigned in 1981, after Everton slid down the table and fell
further behind local rivals Liverpool.
Howard Kendall took over as manager and guided Everton to their most
successful era. Domestically, Everton won the FA Cup in 198384 and two league
titles in 198485 and 198687. They were also runners-up to neighbouring
Liverpool in both league and cup competitions in 198586 and were again on the
losing side to Liverpool in the 1984 League Cup final and the 198889 FA Cup
final. In Europe, Everton won their first and only trophy in 198485, the
European Cup Winners' Cup.
After first beating University College Dublin, Inter Bratislava and Fortuna
Sittard, Everton defeated German giants Bayern Munich 31 in the semi-finals,
despite trailing at half time (in a match voted the greatest in Goodison Park
history) and recorded the same score line over Austrian club Rapid Vienna in the
final. Having also won the league
title that season, Everton came very close to winning a treble, but lost to
Manchester United in the FA Cup final.
After the Heysel Stadium disaster and the subsequent ban of all English clubs
from continental football, Everton lost the chance to compete for more European
trophies. A large proportion of the title-winning side was broken up following
the ban; Kendall himself moved to Athletic Bilbao after the 1987 title triumph
and was succeeded by assistant Colin Harvey. Everton were founder members of the
Premier League in 1992, but struggled to find the right manager. Howard Kendall
had returned in 1990 but could not repeat his previous success, while his
successor, Mike Walker, was statistically the least successful Everton manager
to date. When former Everton player Joe Royle took over in 1994 the club's form
started to improve; his first game in charge was a 20 victory over derby rivals
Liverpool. Royle dragged Everton clear of relegation, and also led the club to
the FA Cup for the fifth time in its history, defeating Manchester United 10 in
the final. The cup triumph was also Everton's passport to the Cup Winners' Cup
their first European campaign in the post-Heysel era. Progress under Joe Royle
continued in 199596 as they climbed to sixth place in the Premiership.
The following season, 199697, was not as successful and the club finished in
fifteenth place. Royle quit in March. Club captain, Dave Watson, was given the
manager's job temporarily and he helped the club to Premiership survival. Howard
Kendall was appointed Everton manager for the third time in 1997, but the
appointment proved unsuccessful as Everton finished seventeenth in the
Premiership; only avoiding relegation due to their superior goal difference over
Bolton Wanderers. Former Rangers manager Walter Smith then took over from
Kendall in the summer of 1998 but only managed three successive finishes in the
bottom half of the table.
The Everton board finally ran out of patience with Smith and he was sacked in
March 2002 with Everton in real danger of relegation.
The current manager, David Moyes, was his replacement and delivered Everton to a
safe finish in fifteenth place.
After that harrowing season, Everton finished seventh, seventeenth, fourth
(their highest ever Premiership finish) and eleventh. It was under his
management that Wayne Rooney broke into the first team, before being sold to
Manchester United for a club record fee of £23 million.
Moyes has broken the club record for highest transfer fee paid on three
occasions, signing James Beattie for £6 million in January 2005,
Andy Johnson for £8.6 million in Summer 2006,
and Yakubu Aiyegbeni for £11.25 million in summer 2007.
200607 saw Everton finish sixth in the league and attain UEFA Cup
qualification. In 2007, Everton
completed the takeover of the Toxteth Tigers basketball team, with the
rebranding of Liverpool's first ever top-flight basketball franchise, the
During the first decades of their history, Everton had several different kit
colours. The team originally played in blue and white stripes but as new players
arriving at the club wore their old team's shirts during matches, confusion soon
ensued. It was decided that the shirts would be dyed black, both to save on
expenses and to instil a more professional look. The result, however, appeared
morbid so a scarlet sash was added.
When the club moved to Goodison Park in 1892, they first played in salmon
shirts with blue shorts before switching to ruby shirts with blue trim and dark
blue shorts. The famous royal blue jerseys with white shorts were first used in
the 190102 season.
Occasionally Everton have played in lighter shades of blue (such as 193031 and
199798) but these have proved unpopular with fans. Everton's traditional away
shirt was amber with either amber or royal blue shorts and various editions
appeared throughout the 60s, 70s and 80s. Recently however black, white, grey
and yellow away shirts have been used.
The kit today remains royal blue shirts, white shorts and white socks
although when playing teams away who also wear white shorts Everton typically
wear all blue. For the 200708 season, the away kit is a white shirt with black
shorts and socks.
At the end of the 193738 season, Everton secretary Theo Kelly, who later
became the club's first post-war manager, wanted to design a club necktie. It
was agreed that the colour be blue and Kelly was given the task of designing a
crest to be featured on the necktie. Kelly worked on deciding it for four
months, until deciding on a reproduction of the "Beacon" which stands in the
heart of the Everton district.
"The Beacon" or "Tower" has been inextricably linked with the Everton area
since its construction in 1787. It was originally used as a bridewell to
incarcerate criminals, and it still stands today on Everton Brow in Netherfield
Road. The beacon was accompanied by two laurel wreaths on either side and,
according to the College of Arms in London, Kelly chose to include the laurels
as they were the sign of winners in those days. The crest was accompanied by the
club motto, "Nil Satis Nisi Optimum", meaning "Nothing but the best is
good enough". The ties were first worn by Kelly and the Everton chairman, Mr. E.
Green, on the first day of the 193839 season.
The club rarely incorporated a badge of any description on its shirts. An
interwoven "EFC" design was adopted between 1922 and 1930 before the club
reverted to plain royal blue shirts, until 1973 when bold "EFC" lettering was
added. The crest designed by Kelly was first used on the team's shirts in 1980
and has remained there ever since, undergoing gradual change to become the
version used today. Some old crests are illustrated on the right; the top is the
original shirt crest, the second is the first shirt crest with beacon and
laurels and the third is the first shirt crest to use the club motto.
Everton's most widely recognised nickname is "The Toffees" or "The Toffeemen",
which came about after Everton had moved to Goodison. There are several
explanations for how this name came to be adopted, the most well known being
that there was a business near the ground called Mother Noblett's Toffee Shop
which advertised and sold sweets, including the Everton Mint, on match days.
This also led to the Toffee Lady tradition in which a girl walks around the
perimeter of the pitch before the start of a game tossing free Everton Mints
into the crowd. Another possible reason is that there was a house called Ye
Anciente Everton Toffee House near the Queen's Head hotel in which early
club meetings took place. The word
"toffee" was also slang referring to Irishmen, of which there was a large
population in the city at the turn of the century and who tended to support
Everton rather than city rivals Liverpool.
Everton have had many other nicknames over the years. When the black kit was
worn Everton were nicknamed "The Black Watch", after the famous army brigade.
Since going blue in 1901, Everton have been given the simple nickname "The
Blues". Everton's attractive style of play led to Steve Bloomer calling the team
"scientific" in 1928, which is thought to have inspired the nickname "The School
of Science". When David Moyes
arrived as manager he proclaimed Everton as "The People's Club", which has been
adopted as a semi-official club nickname.
Everton originally played in the southeast corner of Stanley Park, which is the site for the new Liverpool F.C. stadium, with the first official match taking place in 1879. In 1882, a man named J. Cruitt donated land at Priory Road which became the club's home before they moved to Anfield, which was Everton's home until 1892. At this time, a dispute of how the club was to be owned and run emerged with Anfield's owner and Everton's chairman, John Houlding. A dispute between Houlding and the club's committee over how the club should be run, led to Houlding attempting to gain full control of the club by registering the company, "Everton F.C. and Athletic Grounds Ltd". In response, Everton left Anfield for a new ground, Goodison Park, where the club have played ever since. Houlding attempted to take over Everton's name, colours, fixtures and league position, but was denied by The Football Association. Instead, Houlding formed a new club, Liverpool F.C..
Ever since those events, a fierce rivalry has existed between Everton and Liverpool, albeit one that is generally perceived as more respectful than many other derbies in English football. This was illustrated by a chain of red and blue scarves that were linked between the gates of both grounds across Stanley Park as a tribute to the Liverpool fans killed in the Hillsborough disaster.
Goodison Park, the first major football stadium to be built in England, was opened in 1892. Goodison Park has staged more top-flight football games than any other ground in the United Kingdom and was the only English club ground to host a semi-final at the 1966 FIFA World Cup. It was also the first English ground to have undersoil heating, the first to have two tiers on all sides.
The church grounds of St Luke the Evangelist are adjacent to the corner of the Main Stand and the Gwladys Street Stand.
On matchdays players walk out to the theme tune to Z-Cars, named Johnny Todd, a traditional Liverpool children's song collected in 1890 by Frank Kidson which tells the story of a sailor betrayed by his lover while away at sea.
Everton's reserves play at Halton Stadium in Widnes.
The School of Science is the nickname given to the Finch Farm training complex by some supporters, referring to a long-standing nickname for Everton. The training ground houses both the Everton first team and the youth academy. The first team squad officially moved to the complex on 9 October 2007, some time behind the target date of pre-season. .
Proposed new stadium
There have been indications since 1996 that Everton will move to a new stadium. The original plan was for a new 60,000-seat stadium to be built, but in 2000 a proposal was submitted to build a 55,000 seat stadium as part of the King's Dock regeneration. This was unsuccessful as Everton failed to generate the £30 million needed for a half stake in the stadium project, with the city council rejecting the proposal in 2003. Late in 2004, driven by Liverpool Council and the Northwest Development Corporation, the club entered talks with Liverpool F.C. about sharing a proposed stadium on Stanley Park. Negotiations broke down as Everton failed to raise 50% of the costs. On 11 January 2005, Liverpool announced that ground-sharing was not a possibility, proceeding to plan their own Stanley Park Stadium.
On 16 June 2006, it was announced that Everton had entered into talks with Knowsley Council and Tesco over the possibility of building a new 55,000 seat stadium, expandable to over 60,000, in Kirkby. The club took the unusual move of giving its supporters a say in the club's future by holding a ballot on the proposal, finding a split of 59% to 41% in favour. Opponents to the plan included other local councils concerned by the effect of a large Tesco store being built as part of the development, and a group of fans demanding that Everton should remain within the city boundaries of Liverpool.
Following a public inquiry into the project, central government rejected the proposal. Local and regional politicians are attempting to put together an amended rescue plan. Liverpool City Council have called a meeting with Everton F.C. with a view to assess some suitable sites they have short listed within the city boundary.
Liverpool City Council Regeneration and Transport Select Committee meeting on 10.02.2011, proposes to open the eastern section of the Liverpool Outer Loop line using "Liverpool Football Club and Everton Football Club as priorities, as economic enablers of the project". This proposal would place both football clubs on a rapid-transit Merseyrail line circling the city easing transport access.
Everton have a large fan base with the seventh highest average attendance in
England. The majority of Everton's
match day support comes from the North West of England, primarily Merseyside and
Cheshire. Everton also have many fans who travel from North Wales and Ireland.
Everton also have many supporters' clubs worldwide,
in places such as North America,
Singapore, and Thailand.
Everton also have a large supporter base in Australia, with midfield player Tim
Cahill being Australian. The official supporters club is Evertonia,
and there are also several fanzines including When Skies are Grey and
Speke from the Harbour, which are sold around Goodison Park on match days.
Everton supporters sing several songs on match days but the most common is
"It's a grand old team"; it is adopted from the version sung by Celtic
supporters, making changes like "we don't care what the red side say" a
reference to red-wearing-rivals Liverpool. Also popular is singing the club name
"Everton" to the tune of "Here we go". They are generally very welcoming to
former players returning to Goodison while playing for new clubs. Notable
exceptions include Wayne Rooney, who has become extremely unpopular with fans
after he left Everton for Manchester United, having previously been pictured
wearing a t-shirt declaring: "Once a Blue always a Blue"
and is now roundly booed whenever he returns.
Rooney claims Moyes forced him out of the club in his book, however David Moyes
has taken legal action denying the claims made.
Everton's biggest rivalry is with fellow Merseyside team Liverpool, against
whom they contest the Merseyside derby. This stems from Liverpool's formation
after a dispute with Everton officials and the owners of Anfield (the ground
Everton were using at the time). Religious differences have been cited as a
division, with Everton usually placed on the Catholic side;
however, both teams were founded with Methodist involvement, somewhat
undermining the notion of a CatholicProtestant split.
The Merseyside derby is usually a sell out fixture and tends to be a scrappy
affair; it has had more red cards than any other fixture in Premiership history.
On January 14, 2007, Sylvester Stallone was at Goodison Park to promote Rocky
Balboa, and to watch Everton take on Reading in an English Premier League game.
The match ended as a 11 draw. Stallone paraded on the field at half time
adorned in a home team scarf and received a warm reception from the 40,000 fans.
Stallone has claimed to be a keen football fan since filming Escape to Victory
in the 1980s and now claims to be an official Everton fan.
The following players are considered "Giants" for their great contributions
to Everton. A panel appointed by the club established the inaugural list in 2000
and a new inductee is announced every season.
As of May 9, 2007.
||T. G. Jones
English Football Hall of Fame members
A number of Everton players have been inducted into the English Football Hall
- 2002 - William Ralph 'Dixie' Dean, Paul Gascoigne
- 2003 - Alan Ball, Tommy Lawton, Gary Lineker
- 2005 - Howard Kendall
- 2007 - Peter Beardsley, Mark Hughes
The following managers have won at least one significant trophy with Everton:
|William C. Cuff
|Thomas H. McIntosh
- Champions: (9) 189091, 191415, 192728, 193132, 193839,
196263, 196970, 198485, 198687
- Runners-up: (7) 188990, 189495, 190102, 190405, 190809,
- Champions: (1) 193031
- Runners-up: (1) 195354
- Winners: (5) 1906, 1933, 1966, 1984, 1995
- Runners-up: (8) 1893, 1897, 1907, 1968, 1985, 1986, 1989, 2009
Football League Cup
- Runners-up: (2) 1977, 1984
FA Charity Shield
- Winners: (9) 1928, 1932, 1963, 1970, 1984, 1985, 1986
(shared), 1987, 1995
- Runners-up: (2) 1933, 1966
Full Members Cup
- Runners-up: (2) 1989, 1991
World Soccer Magazine World Team of the Year
FA Youth Cup
- Winners: (3) 1965, 1984, 1998
- Runners-up: (4) 1961, 1977, 1983, 2002
Lancashire Senior Cup
- Winners: (6) 1894, 1897, 1910, 1935, 1940, 1964
Liverpool Senior Cup
- Winners: (45) 1884, 1886, 1887, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1894, 1895,
1896, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1910 (shared), 1911, 1912
(shared), 1914, 1919, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1934 (shared),
1936 (shared), 1938, 1940, 1945, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958 (shared),
1959, 1960, 1961, 1982 (shared), 1983, 1996, 2003, 2005, 2007
European Cup Winners' Cup
Records and statistics
Neville Southall holds the record for the most Everton appearances, having
played 751 first-team matches between 1981 and 1997. The late centre half and
former captain Brian Labone comes second, having played 534 times. The longest
serving player is Goalkeeper Ted Sagar who played for 23 years between 1929 and
1953, both sides of the war, making a total of 495 appearances. The club's top
goalscorer, with 383 goals in all competitions, is Dixie Dean; the
second-highest goalscorer is Graeme Sharp with 159. Dean still holds the English
national record of most goals in a season, with 60.
The record attendance for an Everton home match is 78,299 against Liverpool
on 18 September 1948. Goodison Park, like all football grounds since the
recommendations of the Taylor Report were implemented, is now an all-seat and
only holds just over 40,000, meaning it is unlikely that this attendance record
will ever be broken at Goodison.
Relationships with other clubs
Everton have a link with Republic of Ireland football academy Ballyoulster
United based in Celbridge,
Canada's Ontario Soccer Association,
and the Football Association of Thailand where they have a competition called
the Chang-Everton cup which local schoolboys compete for.
The club also own and operate a professional basketball team, by the name of
Everton Tigers, who compete in the elite British Basketball League. The team was
launched in the summer of 2007 as part of the clubs' Community programme, and
play their home games at the Greenbank Sports Academy.
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