Liverpool Football Club
is a professional football
club based in Liverpool, England. The club plays in the
Premier League, and has won more trophies than any other
English club. Liverpool has won a joint-record eighteen
seven FA Cups, seven League Cups, and the European Cup five
times, a record for an English club.
The club was founded
in 1892, and quickly became a strong force in English
football, winning five league championships between 1900 and
1947. However, Liverpool spent several years in the Second
Division (level 2) during the late 1950s, and did not win
promotion again until the appointment of Bill Shankly as
manager in 1959. The club traditionally played in red and
white, but this was changed to all red in the 1960s.
Under Shankly's management, Liverpool won three League
Championship titles, two FA Cups and a UEFA Cup; the club's
first European trophy. In the past 30 years, they have been
one of the most successful clubs in English and European
football; they won four European Cups between 1977 and 1984.
The club experienced a lean period during the 1990s, but saw
a revival when they won a cup treble in 2001 and the club's
fifth European Cup in 2005.
The Heysel Stadium disaster made the club infamous in
Europe; 39 Juventus fans died after a wall collapsed as they
fled from charging Liverpool fans. The club was involved in
another disaster four years later—the Hillsborough Disaster—
which saw the death of 96 Liverpool fans in a crush against
perimeter fencing. Flames were added to the club's crest in
honour of the Liverpool fans who lost their lives at
Hillsborough. Both disasters have had wide-ranging impacts
on English and European football, and the club to this day.
Liverpool F.C. has played at Anfield since its formation,
but plans to move to a new stadium in Stanley Park, which
was due to be completed by 2011 but has been put on hold
until economic conditions improve. Liverpool has a large and
diverse fan base, which holds long-standing rivalries with
several clubs. The most notable of these are their rivalries
with Manchester United and Everton, with whom they regularly
contest the Merseyside derby.
Liverpool F.C. was founded after a dispute between
Everton and John Houlding, the leaseholder of Anfield and
Everton director. Fundamental difference emerged in how the
club should be run when the club assessed the purchase the
whole of the Anfield site. Houlding was accused of motives
for personal financial gain. Everton who had been playing at
Anfield for eight years departed from Houlding and Anfield
moving to a new stadium in Goodison Park.
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Liverpool F.C. was founded by Houlding to play at the
vacated Anfield. The original name was to be Everton F.C.
and Athletic Grounds, Ltd., or Everton Athletic for short,
but it was changed to Liverpool F.C. in June 1892 when The
Football Association refused to recognise the team as
The club won the Lancashire League in their first season,
and successfully applied to join the Second Division for the
following season. They won the league and were promoted to
the First Division. They won their first title in 1900–01,
and were champions again in 1905–06. They reached their
first FA Cup final in 1914 but lost 1–0 to Burnley.
The club won back-to-back championships in 1921–22 and
1922–23, but after this the club did not win another trophy
until 1946–47 when they won the League for a fifth time. The
club reached the FA Cup final in 1950, but lost to Arsenal.
Liverpool struggled afterwards, and the club was relegated
to the Second Division in the 1953–54 season.
Liverpool floundered until the appointment of Bill
Shankly as manager in 1959. On his appointment he released
24 players and began to reshape the team.
Shankly utilised The Boot Room for a second purpose; the
location of coaches meetings. The founder members with
Shankly of the boot room staff were Joe Fagan, Reuben
Bennett and Bob Paisley.
Promotion to the First Division was achieved in 1961–62,
and the club won the League for the first time in 17 years
in 1963–64. Another League title followed in 1965–66, after
the club had won their first FA Cup the previous season. The
club won the League and UEFA Cup in 1972–73 and the FA Cup
again a year later; after this, Shankly retired and was
replaced by his assistant Bob Paisley.
Paisley was even more successful than Shankly and the club
won the League and UEFA Cup in 1975–76, his second season as
manager. The following season they retained the League
title, won the European Cup for the first time, but lost in
the FA Cup final, narrowly missing out on a treble.
Liverpool retained the European Cup the next season, and the
season after won the League again with 68 points—a domestic
record, conceding only 16 goals in 42 league matches.
During the nine seasons Paisley managed the club, Liverpool
won 21 trophies, including three European Cups, a UEFA Cup,
six league titles and three consecutive League Cups. The
only domestic trophy to elude him was the FA Cup.
Paisley retired in 1983 and (as Shankly had done) handed
the reins to his assistant, veteran coach Joe Fagan. The
succession of coaches came from the Anfield Boot Room where
the Liverpool staff discussed strategy and allegedly stored
Liverpool won three trophies in Fagan's first season in
charge: the League, League Cup and European Cup, becoming
the first English side to win three trophies in a season.
Liverpool reached the European Cup final again in 1985. The
match was against Juventus at the Heysel Stadium. Before
kick-off, disaster struck: Liverpool fans breached a fence
which separated the two groups of supporters and charged the
Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a
retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 fans, mostly
Italians. The match was played regardless and Liverpool lost
1–0 to Juventus. English clubs were consequently banned from
participating in European competition for five years;
Liverpool received a ten-year ban, which was later reduced
to six years. Fourteen of their fans received convictions
for involuntary manslaughter.
Fagan resigned after the disaster and Kenny Dalglish was
appointed as player-manager.
During his reign, the club won another three League
Championships and two FA Cups, including a League and Cup
"Double" in 1985–86. Liverpool's success was overshadowed by
the Hillsborough Disaster: in an FA Cup semi-final against
Nottingham Forest on 15 April 1989, hundreds of Liverpool
fans were crushed.
94 fans died that day; the 95th victim died in hospital from
his injuries four days later, and the 96th died nearly four
years later without regaining consciousness. After the
Hillsborough tragedy there was a governmental review of
stadium safety. Known as the Taylor Report, it paved the way
for legislation which required top-division teams to have
all-seater stadiums. The report ruled that the main reason
for the disaster was overcrowding due to a failure of police
Dalglish cited the Hillsborough Disaster and its
repercussions as the reason for his resignation in 1991. He
was replaced by former player Graeme Souness. Apart from
winning the FA Cup in 1992, Souness achieved little success
and was replaced by a former member of the "Boot Room", Roy
Evans. Evans fared little better: a League Cup victory in
1995 was his only trophy. Gérard Houllier was appointed as
co-manager in 1998–99, but was left in sole charge after
Evans resigned in November 1998.
In his second season in charge Liverpool won a unique
treble of the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup.
In the 2001–02 season, during which Houllier underwent major
heart surgery, Liverpool finished second behind Arsenal.
The following seasons failed to live up to expectations and
Houllier was replaced by Rafael Benítez. The club finished
fifth in his first season in charge but won the UEFA
Champions League by beating Milan 3–2 in a penalty shootout
after the match finished 3–3.
The following season Liverpool finished third with 82
points—their highest total since 1988. They won the FA Cup
as they had the Champions League victory the previous
season, by beating West Ham United in penalty shootout after
the match finished at 3–3. In 2006–07, the club's search for
investment came to an end when American businessmen George
Gillett and Tom Hicks became the owners of Liverpool in a
deal which valued the club and its outstanding debts at
That season, the club reached another Champions League
final, but this time they lost 2–1 to AC Milan.
Liverpool traditionally played in red and white, but this
was changed to an all red kit in the mid 1960s. Red has not
always been used, in the early days, when the club took over
Anfield from Everton; they used the Toffees' colours of blue
and white. Their kit was almost identical to that worn by
the Everton team of the time. By 1894 Liverpool had chosen
red, and in 1901 the city's liver bird was adopted as the
For the next 60 years Liverpool's kit was red shirts with
white shorts. The socks were changed over the years from
red, to black, to white, and back to red again.
In 1964, then-Liverpool manager Bill Shankly decided to
send the team out in all red for the first time against
Anderlecht, as Ian St. John recalled in his autobiography:
"He thought the colour scheme would carry
psychological impact—red for danger, red for power.
He came into the dressing room one day and threw a
pair of red shorts to Ronnie Yeats. “Get into those
shorts and let’s see how you look,” he said.
“Christ, Ronnie, you look awesome, terrifying. You
look 7ft tall.” “Why not go the whole hog, boss?” I
suggested. “Why not wear red socks? Let’s go out all
in red.” Shankly approved and an iconic kit was
Liverpool's away colours are traditionally either white
shirts and black shorts or all yellow. However, in 1987 an
all grey kit was introduced, which was used until the
centenary season of 1991–92, when it was replaced by a
combination of green shirts and white shorts. After various
colour combinations in the 1990s, including gold and navy,
bright yellow, black and grey, and ecru, the club alternated
between yellow and white away kits until the 2008–09 season,
when they re-introduced the grey kit.
The current kits are designed by Adidas,
who made the club's kits between 1985 and 1996. The only
other branded shirts worn by the club were made by Umbro
until 1985 and Reebok for ten seasons starting in 1996.
A third kit, consisting of a turquoise top and black shorts,
has been designed primarily for Champions League away games,
but is used for any domestic games where both red and grey
Liverpool was the first British professional club to have
a sponsor's logo on their shirts,
after they agreed to a deal with Hitachi in 1979. Since then
they have been sponsored by Crown Paints, Candy, Carlsberg
and soon to be Standard Chartered Bank. The contract with
Carlsberg, which was signed in 1992, was the longest
agreement in English top-flight football.
Liverpool have confirmed that sponsor Carlsberg will be
replaced with Standard Chartered Bank at the start of the
2010-11 season, ending a 17-year association with Carlsberg.
The Liverpool badge is based around the city's liver
bird, which is placed inside a shield. Above the shield is a
representation of the Shankly Gates with the title of club's
famous anthem, "You'll Never Walk Alone". The twin flames at
either side are symbolic of the Hillsborough memorial
outside Anfield, where an eternal flame burns in memory of
those who died in the disaster.
Liverpool has played at Anfield since they were founded
in 1892. Anfield was built in 1884 on land adjacent to
Stanley Park, and was originally used by Everton.
They left the ground in 1892 over a dispute about rent with
the owner of Anfield, John Houlding, who decided to form a
new club to play at the ground. The capacity of the stadium
was 20,000, although only 100 spectators attended
Liverpool's first match at Anfield.
In 1906, the banked stand at one end of the ground was
formally renamed the Spion Kop
after a hill in Natal. The hill was the site of the Battle
of Spion Kop in the Second Boer War, where over 300 men of
the Lancashire Regiment died, many of whom were from
At its largest, the stand could hold 28,000 spectators, and
was one of the largest single tier stands in the world. Many
stadia in England had stands named after the Spion Kop, but
Anfield's was the largest Kop in the country at the time; it
was able to hold more supporters than some entire football
The stand was considerably reduced in capacity due to safety
measures brought in following the Hillsborough Disaster. It
was completely rebuilt as an all-seater stand in 1994, and
remains a single tier stand with a reduced capacity of
The Anfield Road stand is positioned at the opposite end
to the Kop, and houses the away team's fans. Rebuilt in 1998
with a capacity of 9,074, it is the newest stand at Anfield.
The two stands adjacent to these are the Main Stand, with a
capacity of 12,227, and the Centenary Stand, which has a
capacity of 11,762. The Main Stand is the oldest part of
Anfield, and has remained largely untouched since its
redevelopment in 1973. It houses the players' changing rooms
and the director's box, and the dug-outs are in front of the
stand. The Centenary Stand was previously known as the
Kemlyn Road Stand until it was rebuilt for the club's
centenary in 1992. The redevelopment saw the houses in
Kemlyn Road demolished and the address become non-existent.
The capacity of the stadium is 45,362. It is rated as a
four-star stadium in the UEFA Stadia List.
On 30 July 2004, the Liverpool City Council granted the
club planning permission to build a new 60,000-seat stadium
just 300 yards (270 m) away from Anfield at Stanley Park,
and on 8 September 2006 the Council agreed to grant
Liverpool F.C. a 999-year lease on the land on the proposed
Following the takeover of the club in February 2007 by
George Gillett and Tom Hicks, the proposed stadium was
redesigned. In November 2007, the new design was approved by
the Council, and construction started in June 2008.
HKS, Inc. are building the new stadium which is expected to
be completed in 2011.
Melwood, in West Derby, Liverpool, has been the home of
Liverpool's training ground since the 1950s. It is not
attached to The Academy, which is in Kirkby. The ground
previously belonged to St Francis Xavier, a local school.
Liverpool has a large and loyal fan-base, and nearly all
home matches sell out. During the season 2008–09, Liverpool
had the fourth-highest average League attendance for an
English club: 44,318, which is 96.8% of available capacity.
Liverpool fans often refer to themselves as "Kopites", which
is a reference to the fans who once stood, and now sit, on
the Kop at Anfield.
The song "You'll Never Walk Alone", originally from the
Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel and later
recorded by Liverpool musicians Gerry & The Pacemakers, is
the club's anthem, and has been sung by the Anfield crowd
since the early 1960s. It has since gained popularity among
fans of other clubs around the world.
The song's title adorns the top of the Shankly Gates, which
were unveiled on 2 August 1982 in memory of the former
manager Bill Shankly. The "You'll Never Walk Alone" portion
of the Shankly Gates is also reproduced on the club's crest.
Liverpool's longest-established rivalry is with fellow
Merseyside team Everton, against whom they contest the
Merseyside derby. This stems from Liverpool's formation and
the dispute with Everton officials and the then owners of
Anfield. Religious differences have been cited as a cause of
division, although both teams stem from a Methodist origin,
which undermines the notion of a Catholic–Protestant split.
The Merseyside derby is usually a sell-out fixture. More
players have been sent off in it than in any other fixture
in Premier League history.
It is one of the few local derbies that does not enforce fan
Liverpool has a rivalry with its neighbours Manchester
United. This is mostly due to the success enjoyed by the two
clubs and the proximity of the two cities.
The rivalry is so intense that the last player to be
transferred between the two clubs was Phil Chisnall in 1964,
when he moved to Liverpool from United.
The club's supporters have been involved in two major
tragic events. The first was the Heysel Stadium disaster, in
which 39 Juventus fans were killed. They were penned into a
corner by Liverpool fans who charged in their direction, the
sheer number of fans cornered caused a wall to collapse.
After the final UEFA laid the blame for the incident solely
on the fans of Liverpool,
English clubs were banned from European competition for five
years and Liverpool served an extra year, a six-year ban.
There were 27 arrests on suspicion of manslaughter – the
only extraditable offence applicable to events at Heysel.
The majority of these people were from Merseyside. Some of
these people had previous convictions for football-related
violence. In 1989, after a 5-month trial in Belgium,
fourteen Liverpool fans were given 3-year sentences for
Half the terms were suspended
and it is unclear how many served their sentences.
The second was during an FA Cup semi-final in 1989
between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest, 96 Liverpool fans
died due to overcrowding in what became known as the
Hillsborough Disaster. The Sun newspaper published an
article entitled "The Truth", in which it claimed that
Liverpool fans had robbed and urinated on the dead and had
attacked the police.
Subsequent investigations proved the allegations to be
false, and this led to a city-wide boycott of the newspaper.
Many organisations were set up as a result of the disaster,
such as the Hillsborough Justice Campaign, which represents
bereaved families, survivors and supporters, who campaign
for justice for the 96 people who died in Sheffield on 15
Ownership and finances
Liverpool is owned by George Gillett and Tom Hicks, who
acquired the club on 6 February 2007 from previous chairman
David Moores. The deal valued the club and its outstanding
debts at £218.9 million. The pair paid £5,000 per share, or
£174.1m for the total shareholding in the club, and £44.8m
to cover the club's debts.
Disagreements between Gillett and Hicks, and their lack of
the fans' support, have precipitated rumours that Dubai
International Capital (DIC), who were interested in buying
the club before Gillett and Hicks took over, would bid for
Another group, Share Liverpool FC, also expressed interest
in purchasing the club. They proposed to pay £500m, which
would be funded by 100,000 fans contributing £5,000 each for
a club share. However, the group have been unable to raise
the required capital to make an offer for the club.
In April 2008, business magazine Forbes ranked
Liverpool as the fourth most valuable football team in the
world, after Manchester United, Real Madrid and Arsenal.
They valued the club at $1.0bn (£605m), excluding debt.
Accountants Deloitte rate Liverpool eighth in the 2008
Deloitte Football Money League, which ranks the world's
football clubs in terms of revenue. Liverpool's income of
£133.9m in the 2006–07 season moved them up from tenth the
Liverpool in popular culture
As the most successful team in the history of English
football, Liverpool is often featured when football is
depicted in British culture and has appeared in a number of
media "firsts". The club appeared in the first edition of
the BBC's Match of the Day, which screened highlights of
their match against Arsenal at Anfield on 22 August 1964.
The club was also the subject of television's first colour
football transmission, which showed their match against West
Ham United live.
Liverpool fans feature in the Pink Floyd song "Fearless", in
which they sang excerpts from "You'll Never Walk Alone".
Liverpool released a song known as the "Anfield Rap" in
1988. It was the club's FA Cup anthem for the final against
Wimbledon, and featured John Barnes performing a rap with
other members of the squad participating.
A documentary drama on the Hillsborough Disaster written
by Jimmy McGovern was screened in 1996. It features
Christopher Eccleston as Trevor Hicks, whose story formed
the focus of the script. Hicks, who lost two teenage
daughters in the disaster, went on to campaign for safer
stadia and helped to form the Hillsborough Families Support
Liverpool feature in the film The 51st State (also
known as Formula 51). Ex-hitman Felix DeSouza (Robert
Carlyle) is an avid fan of the team and the last scene of
the film takes place at a match between Liverpool and
The club was featured in a children's television show called
Scully; the plot revolved around a young boy, Francis
Scully, who tried to win a trial with Liverpool. The show
featured prominent Liverpool players of the time such as
Statistics and records
Liverpool's first competitive game was an 8–0 victory in
the Lancashire League against Higher Walton.
Ian Callaghan holds Liverpool's overall appearance record—he
played 857 matches over the course of 19 seasons from 1958
and the record for League appearances with 640.
Of the current squad, Jamie Carragher has the most
appearances; he played his 500th game for the club early in
Liverpool's all-time leading scorer is Ian Rush, who
scored 346 goals while at the club from 1980 to 1987 and
1988 to 1996.
Rush holds the record for the most goals in a season with 47
in 1983–84. However, during his career, Rush could not
surpass Roger Hunt's record number of league goals, which
has stood at 245 since 1970.
In the 1961–62 season, Hunt scored 41 goals, which is the
club record for league goals in a single season.
Gordon Hodgson, the club's third highest scorer with 240
holds the club record of 17 hat tricks.
The most goals scored by a player in a single match is five;
John Miller, Andy McGuigan, John Evans, Ian Rush and Robbie
Fowler have achieved this feat.
Fowler also holds the club and Premier League record for the
fastest hat trick: he scored three goals in four minutes, 32
seconds against Arsenal in the 1994–95 season.
Steven Gerrard is Liverpool's all-time leading goalscorer in
European competition with 29 goals.
Liverpool's biggest victory is 11–0 against Strømsgodset
IF in 1974.
Liverpool's 10–1 defeat of Rotherham Town in 1896 was its
largest league win.
This margin of victory was matched when Crystal Palace were
defeated 9–0 at Anfield in 1989.
Liverpool's heaviest defeat, 1–9, came against Birmingham
City in 1954.
Liverpool's 8–0 win against Beşiktaş J.K. in the Champions
League was the largest victory in the competition's history
at the time.
The Reds have announced a record £80 million, four-year
sponsorship deal with Standard Chartered Bank which will
come into place for the 2010/2011 season.
- Ballon d'Or
The following players have won the Ballon d'Or whilst
playing for Liverpool:
- European Golden Shoe
The following players have won the European Golden Shoe
whilst playing for Liverpool:
- Ian Rush (32 goals) – 1984
- UEFA Club Footballer of the Year
The following players have won the UEFA Club Footballer
of the Year award whilst playing for Liverpool:
Liverpool has had 17 permanent managers and one caretaker
manager since the club's first appointed, W.E. Barclay and
John McKenna as professional managers in 1892. The
longest-serving manager in terms of time was Tom Watson, who
managed Liverpool for 19 years from 1896 to 1915. Bill
Shankly managed the club for more games than any other
manager; he served for 783 matches. Kenny Dalglish was the
first player-manager in English football when he was
appointed in 1985. Bob Paisley, who won 19 trophies during
his tenure, was the club's most successful manager.
For more details on this topic, see Liverpool F.C.
For honours won by Reserves and Academy teams, see
Liverpool F.C. Reserves and Academy#Honours.
Liverpool has won the English League Championship
eighteen times (a record they share with Manchester United),
the FA Cup seven times and the League Cup a record seven
times. The club achieved a League and FA Cup "Double" in
1986, and has won the League and European Cup double twice,
in 1977 and 1984. They also won the League Cup in 1984 to
complete a unique treble, a feat they repeated (albeit with
different trophies) in 2001 when they won the FA Cup, League
Cup and UEFA Cup.
Liverpool has won the European Cup, Europe's primary club
competition, five times, which is an English record. Only
Real Madrid and Milan has won the competition on more
occasions. The club's fifth triumph meant that they won the
trophy outright and was awarded a multiple-winner badge.
The club has won the UEFA Cup, Europe's secondary club
competition, three times, a record they share with Juventus
- Football League First Division (English football
champions) (level 1)
- Winners (18): 1900–01, 1905–06, 1921–22, 1922–23,
1946–47, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77,
1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1985–86,
- Second Division (level 2)
- Winners (4): 1893–94, 1895–96, 1904–05, 1961–62
- Winners (1): 1892–93
- Winners (7): 1965, 1974, 1986, 1989, 1992, 2001,
- Winners (7): 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1995, 2001,
- FA Charity Shield / FA Community Shield
- Winners (15, 10 outright and 5 shared): 1964
(shared), 1965 (shared), 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977
(shared), 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986 (shared), 1988, 1989,
1990 (shared), 2001, 2006
- Winners (1): 1986
- European Cup and UEFA Champions League
- Winners (5): 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005
- Winners (3): 1973, 1976, 2001
- Winners (3): 1977, 2001, 2005
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|Gerrard 100% pure amazing
STEVEN GERRARD HE IS PURELY LIVERPOOL
John Arne Riise
|the best defender/midfielder in the world
|paired with john toshack no one could handle them when on a
|because he played for Everton too!
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