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Floyd Landis
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Tour De France

 

King of the Mountains

The King of the Mountains is the title given to the best climber in a cycling road race. While the title may be given to the rider who achieves the highest position over several designated climbs in a single-day road race, it is more usually applied to stage races (for example, the Tour de France, Giro d'Italia or Vuelta a España) where points are accumulated over the duration of the whole race.

In the Tour de France, at the top of each significant climb, points are awarded to the riders who are first over the top. The climbs are categorised from 1 (most difficult) to 4 (least difficult) based on their steepness and length. A fifth category, called Hors categorie (outside category) applies to mountains rated even more severe than first category. Similar ratings apply to climbs in the other major Tours.

In the Tour de France, the leader in the mountains competition wears a distinctive polka dot jersey (French: maillot à pois rouge). Although the King of the Mountains was first recognised in the 1933 Tour de France, the distinctive jersey was not introduced until 1975; in the Giro and Vuelta, the King of the Mountains leader wears a green jersey.

Two riders have won the "King of the Mountains" in the Tour de France six times: Federico Bahamontes (Spain) and Lucien Van Impe (Belgium), while Richard Virenque (France) holds the record with seven wins. Gino Bartali holds the record for the Giro d'Italia, also with seven wins, while Jose Luis Laguia has won the Vuelta equivalent five times.

No rider has won the "King of the Mountains" in all three Grand Tours in the same year. Indeed, only two riders, Federico Bahamontes and Luis Herrera, have won all three competitions in different years. Ten riders have achieved doubles.

The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by four riders:

  • Fausto Coppi (1949)

  • Charly Gaul (1956)

  • Lucien Van Impe (1983)

  • Claudio Chiapucci (1992)

The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by two riders:

  • Manuel Fuente (1972)

  • Andres Oliva (1975, 1976)

The Tour/Vuelta double has also been achieved by four riders:

  • Federico Bahamontes (1958)

  • Julio Jiminez (1965)

  • Luis Herrera (1987)

  • Tony Rominger (1993)

Grand Tours: Kings of the Mountains

Tour Kings of the Moutains

Year

Tour de France KoM

Nationality

Giro KoM

Nationality

Vuelta KoM

Nationality

1933

Vicente Truebe

Spain

Alfredo Binda

Italy

-

-

1934

Rene Vietto

France

Remo Bertoni

Italy

-

-

1935

Felicien Vervaecke

Belgium

Gino Bartali

Italy

 ?

 ?

1936

Julian Berrendero

Spain

Gino Bartali

Italy

 ?

 ?

1937

Felicien Vervaecke

Belgium

Gino Bartali

Italy

-

-

1938

Gino Bartali

Italy

Giovanni Valetti

Italy

-

-

1939

Sylvere Maes

Belgium

Gino Bartali

Italy

-

-

1940

-

-

Gino Bartali

Italy

-

-

1941

-

-

-

-

Fermin Trueba

Spain

1942

-

-

-

-

Julián Berrendero

Spain

1945

-

-

-

-

Julián Berrendero

Spain

1946

-

-

Gino Bartali

Italy

Emilio Rodriguez

Spain

1947

Pierre Brambilla

Italy

Gino Bartali

Italy

Emilio Rodriguez

Spain

1948

Gino Bartali

Italy

Fausto Coppi

Italy

Bernardo Ruiz

Spain

1949

Fausto Coppi

Italy

Fausto Coppi

Italy

-

-

1950

Louison Bobet

France

Hugo Koblet

Switzerland

Emilio Rodriguez

Spain

1951

Raphael Geminiani

France

Louison Bobet

France

-

-

1952

Fausto Coppi

Italy

Raphael Geminiani

France

-

-

1953

Jesus Lerono

Spain

Pasquale Fornara

Italy

-

-

1954

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Fausto Coppi

Italy

-

-

1955

Charly Gaul

Luxembourg

Gastone Nencini

Italy

Giusseppe Buratti

Italy

1956

Charly Gaul

Luxembourg

Charly Gaul
Federico Bahamontes

Luxembourg
Spain

Nico Defilippis

Italy

1957

Gastone Nencini

Italy

Raphael Geminiani

France

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

1958

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Jean Brankart

Belgium

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

1959

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Charly Gaul

Luxembourg

Antonio Suárez

Spain

1960

Imerio Massignan

Italy

Rik Van Looy

Belgium

Karmany

Spain

1961

Imerio Massignan

Italy

Vito Taccone

Italy

Karmany

Spain

1962

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Angelino Soler

Spain

Karmany

Spain

1963

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Vito Taccone

Italy

Julio Jiminez

Spain

1964

Federico Bahamontes

Spain

Franco Bitossi

Italy

Julio Jiminez

Spain

1965

Julio Jiminez

Spain

Franco Bitossi

Italy

Julio Jiminez

Spain

1966

Julio Jiminez

Spain

Franco Bitossi

Italy

San Miguel

Spain

1967

Julio Jiminez

Spain

Aurelio Gonzales

Spain

Diaz

Spain

1968

Aurelio Gonzales

Spain

Eddy Merckx

Belgium

Gabica

Spain

1969

Eddy Merckx

Belgium

Claudi Michelotto

Italy

Luis Ocana

Spain

1970

Eddy Merckx

Belgium

Martin Vandenbossche

Belgium

Tamames

Spain

1971

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Manuel Fuente

Spain

Joop Zoetemelk

Netherlands

1972

Eddy Merckx

Belgium

Manuel Fuente

Spain

Manuel Fuente

Spain

1973

Pedro Torres

Spain

Manuel Fuente

Spain

Abilleira

Spain

1974

Domingo Perurena

Spain

Manuel Fuente

Spain

Abilleira

Spain

1975

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Francisco Galdos
Andres Oliva

Spain
Spain

Andres Oliva

Spain

1976

Giancarlo Bellini

Italy

Andres Oliva

Spain

Andres Oliva

Spain

1977

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Faustino Fernandez Ovies

Spain

Pedro Torres

Spain

1978

Mariano Martinez

Spain

Ueli Sutter

Switzerland

Andres Oliva

Spain

1979

Giovanni Battaglin

Italy

Claudio Bertolotto

Italy

Yanez

Spain

1980

Raymond Martin

France

Claudio Bertolotto

Italy

Fernandez

Spain

1981

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Claudio Bertolotto

Italy

Jose Luis Laguia

Spain

1982

Bernard Vallet

France

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Jose Luis Laguia

Spain

1983

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

Jose Luis Laguia

Spain

1984

Robert Millar

Scotland

Laurent Fignon

France

Yanez

Spain

1985

Luis Herrera

Colombia

Jose Luiz Navarro

Spain

Jose Luis Laguia

Spain

1986

Bernard Hinault

France

Pedro Munoz

Spain

Jose Luis Laguia

Spain

1987

Luis Herrera

Colombia

Robert Millar

Scotland

Luis Herrera

Colombia

1988

Steven Rooks

Netherlands

Andy Hampsten

USA

Pino

Spain

1989

Gert Theunisse

Netherlands

Luis Herrera

Colombia

Vargas

Colombia

1990

Thierry Claveyrolat

France

Claudio Chiapucci

Italy

Farfan

Colombia

1991

Claudio Chiapucci

Italy

Inaki Gaston

Spain

Luis Herrera

Colombia

1992

Claudio Chiapucci

Italy

Claudio Chiapucci

Italy

Hernandez

Spain

1993

Tony Rominger

Switzerland

Claudio Chiapucci

Italy

Tony Rominger

Switzerland

1994

Richard Virenque

France

Pascal Richard

Switzerland

Luc Leblanc

France

1995

Richard Virenque

France

Mariano Piccoli

Italy

Laurent Jalabert

France

1996

Richard Virenque

France

Mariano Piccoli

Italy

Tony Rominger

Switzerland

1997

Richard Virenque

France

Jose Jaime Gonzalez

Colombia

José Maria Jiminez

Spain

1998

Christophe Rinero

France

Marco Pantani

Italy

José Maria Jiminez

Spain

1999

Richard Virenque

France

Jose Jaime Gonzalez

Colombia

José Maria Jiminez

Spain

2000

Santiago Botero

Colombia

Francesco Casagrande

Italy

Carlos Sastre

Spain

2001

Laurent Jalabert

France

Freddy Gonzalez Martinez

Colombia

José Maria Jiminez

Spain

2002

Laurent Jalabert

France

Julio Perez Cuapio

Mexico

Aitor Osa

Spain

2003

Richard Virenque

France

Freddy Gonzalez Martinez

Colombia

Felix Cardenas

Colombia

2004

Richard Virenque

France

Fabian Wegmann

Germany

Felix Cardenas

Colombia

2005

Michael Rasmussen

Denmark

José Rujano Guillén

Venezuela

Joaquín Rodríguez

Spain


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