Top Cyclists

Past & Present

 
Floyd Landis
Eddy Merckx
Erik Zabel
Federico Bahamontes
Greg LeMond
Louison Bobet
Lucien Van Impe
Miguel Induráin
Richard Virenque
Philippe Thys
 

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Tour De France

 

Polka dot jersey

The polka dot jersey (French: maillot ŕ pois rouge) is the jersey awarded for the best climber during the mountain stages of the Tour de France cycle race. The "King of the Mountains" wears a white jersey with red dots.

At the top of each climb in the Tour, there are points for the riders who are first over the top. The climbs are divided into categories from 1 (most difficult) to 4 (least difficult) based on their difficulty, measured as a function of their steepness and length. A fifth category, called Hors catégorie (outside category) is formed by mountains even more difficult than those of the first category. In 2004, the scoring system was changed such that the first rider over a fourth category climb was awarded 3 points while the first to complete a hors category climb would win 20 points. Further points over a fourth category climb are only for the top three places while on a hors category climb the top ten riders are rewarded. Additionally beginning in 2004, points scored on the final climb of the day were doubled if said climb was at least a second category climb.

Although the best climber was first recognised in 1933, the distinctive jersey was not introduced until 1975. The colours were decided by the then sponsor, Poulain Chocolate, to match a popular product. The Tour's jersey colours have also been adopted by other cycling stage races; for example, the Tour of Britain also has a polka dot jersey.

Kings of the Mountains

Repeat winners

Rank

Name

Country

Wins

Years

1

Richard Virenque

 France

7

1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004

2

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

6

1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964

 

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

6

1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983

4

Julio Jimenez

 Spain

3

1965, 1966, 1967

5

Felicien Vervaecke

 Belgium

2

1935, 1937

 

Gino Bartali

 Italy

2

1938, 1948

 

Fausto Coppi

 Italy

2

1949, 1952

 

Charly Gaul

 Luxembourg

2

1955, 1956

 

Imerio Massignan

 Italy

2

1960, 1961

 

Luis Herrera

 Colombia

2

1985, 1987

 

Claudio Chiappucci

 Italy

2

1991, 1992

 

Laurent Jalabert

 France

2

2001, 2002

List of overall winners

Year

King of the Mountains

Country

2005

Michael Rasmussen

 Denmark

2004

Richard Virenque

 France

2003

Richard Virenque

 France

2002

Laurent Jalabert

 France

2001

Laurent Jalabert

 France

2000

Santiago Botero

 Colombia

1999

Richard Virenque

 France

1998

Christophe Rinero

 France

1997

Richard Virenque

 France

1996

Richard Virenque

 France

1995

Richard Virenque

 France

1994

Richard Virenque

 France

1993

Tony Rominger

 Switzerland

1992

Claudio Chiappucci

 Italy

1991

Claudio Chiappucci

 Italy

1990

Thierry Claveyrolat

 France

1989

Gert-Jan Theunisse

 Netherlands

1988

Steven Rooks

 Netherlands

1987

Luis Herrera

 Colombia

1986

Bernard Hinault

 France

1985

Luis Herrera

 Colombia

1984

Robert Millar

 United Kingdom

1983

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

1982

Bernard Vallet

 France

1981

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

1980

Raymond Martin

 France

1979

Giovanni Battaglin

 Italy

1978

Mariano Martinez

 France

1977

Lucien Van Impe

Belgium

1976

Giancarlo Bellini

 Italy

1975

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

1974

Domingo Perureńa

 Spain

1973

Pedro Torres

 Spain

1972

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

1971

Lucien Van Impe

 Belgium

1970

Eddy Merckx

 Belgium

1969

Eddy Merckx

 Belgium

1968

Aurelio Gonzalez

 Spain

1967

Julio Jimenez

 Spain

1966

Julio Jimenez

 Spain

1965

Julio Jimenez

 Spain

1964

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1963

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1962

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1961

Imerio Massignan

 Italy

1960

Imerio Massignan

 Italy

1959

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1958

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1957

Gastone Nencini

 Italy

1956

Charly Gaul

 Luxembourg

1955

Charly Gaul

 Luxembourg

1954

Federico Bahamontes

 Spain

1953

Jésus Lorono

 Spain

1952

Fausto Coppi

 Italy

1951

Raphaęl Géminiani

 France

1950

Louison Bobet

 France

1949

Fausto Coppi

 Italy

1948

Gino Bartali

 Italy

1947

Pierre Brambilla

 Italy

1939

Sylvere Maes

 Belgium

1938

Gino Bartali

 Italy

1937

Felicien Vervaecke

 Belgium

1936

Julian Berrendero

 Spain

1935

Felicien Vervaecke

 Belgium

1934

René Vietto

 France

1933

Vicente Trueba

 Spain


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Tour de France Index
2006 Tour de France
Tour de France
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Stage bicycle race
Team time trial
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White_Jersey
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Polka dot jersey
King of the Mountains
Alpe d'Huez
2005 Tour de France
Past Tour de France winners
Bicycling terminology
The Devil